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Clinical Situation, Species Distribution, and Antibiotic Resistance of Pathogenic Bacteria and Fungi in 626 Cases of Vulvovaginitis in Hangzhou, China by Xiaoxia Wang, Qin Song

Background: Female vulvovaginitis was one of the most common gynecological diseases. It had a great negative impact on their work and quality of life. This retrospective study evaluated the clinical and laboratory data of patients with vulvovaginitis in Hangzhou, China. To analyze the clinical situation, species distribution and antibiotic resistance of pathogenic fungi and bacteria in 626 cases of vulvovaginitis in Hangzhou. Microorganism culture, identification, and antibiotic susceptibility testing were conducted. The study aimed to provide a theoretical value for an effective treatment of vulvovaginitis.
Methods: In total, 626 outpatients and inpatients diagnosed with vulvovaginitis were selected from January 2018 to January 2023. Data of all the patients were collected from the hospital’s electronic medical records. Vaginal secretion was collected for testing and SPSS 25.0 software was used to perform statistical analysis.
Results: A total of 626 strains of fungi, Gram-positive, and -negative bacteria were detected. Clinical situations of patients infected with the top five pathogenic fungi and bacteria were analyzed. Pathogenic fungi and bacteria were slightly different in each age group and in each onset time group. The results of antibiotic susceptibility testing showed that the resistance rates of itraconazole and fluconazole were high and Gram- negative and -positive bacteria were multidrug resistant. Gram-negative bacteria were more sensitive to carbenicillins and compound antibiotics, while Gram-positive bacteria were sensitive to rifampicin and daptomycin. MRSA and non vancomycin-resistant strains were detected.
Conclusions: Fungi and bacteria were usually detected as pathogenes in patients with vulvovaginitis in Hangzhou. Some factors, such as age and onset time, often affected the incidence. Pathogenic fungi and bacteria were resistant to some common antibiotics, and clinical treatments should be carried out in a timely and reasonable manner according to the results of antibiotic susceptibility testing.

DOI: 10.7754/Clin.Lab.2023.230936