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Drug Analysis of Voriconazole Combined with Granulocyte Colony Stimulating Factor by Xiaofang Zhang, Ruimin Li, Huiqing Wang, Haixin Li, Yiping Wu

Background: The aim of the study was to improve the clinical cognition of leukemia-like reaction caused by voriconazole and granulocyte colony-stimulating factor and to avoid misdiagnosis or delayed diagnosis.
Methods: A case of drug analysis of Voriconazole combined with granulocyte colony stimulating factor was retrospectively analyzed and related literature was reviewed.
Results: Blood routine of the patient on July 29: WBC 13.48 x 109/L, neutrophil 85.3%, lymphocyte 13.4%, hemoglobin 111 g/L, platelet 285 x 109/L. Vancomycin was given to prevent intracranial infection. Lumbar puncture was performed on July 30, cerebrospinal fluid was sent for routine and biochemical examination, leukocytes were 0.15 x 109/L, monocytes 45%, polynuclear cells 55%, protein 1.172 g/L, Acinetobacter baumannii and Candida clorbicus were detected in sputum culture, vancomycin and meropenem static sites were given to prevent intracranial secondary infection. Fungi were detected in urine culture, and voriconazole was given to prevent fungal infection. Blood routine: White blood cell 0.61 x 109/L, neutrophil 23%, lymphocyte 73.8%, red blood cell 2.65 x 1012/L, hemoglobin 77 g/L, platelet 17 x 109/L, bone marrow was extracted after medication. Bone marrow images show poor myelodysplasia, with granulocytes dominated by protoearly cells. Subsequent flow cytometry, chromosomal karyotype, and fusion gene analysis were performed to exclude the possibility of leukemia. Flow cytometry showed that the proportion of myeloid primordial cells was not high, the granulocytes were mainly at the early and young stage, no abnormal phenotype was observed in erythrocytes, monocytes and NK cells, no obvious mature B lymphocytes were observed, and the ratio of CD4+/CD8+ was decreased. Karyotype results showed that there was no mitotic phase. The results of fusion gene analysis showed that the fusion gene was negative or lower than the detection sensitivity. Voliconazole was stopped first, and granulocyte colony stimulating factor was stopped 3 days later. Two weeks later, blood and bone marrow images basically recovered, white blood cell 7.88 x 109/L, neutrophil 46.3%, lymphocyte 48.2%, hemoglobin 126 g/L, platelet 142 x 109/L, bone marrow hyperplasia active. The proportion of three series is roughly normal.
Conclusions: The reason for the occurrence of leukemia-like reaction in this patient was considered to be related to voriconazole and granulocyte colony stimulating factor, cessation of voriconazole and granulocyte colony stimulating factor, and recovery of blood and bone marrow images. In the clinical use of voriconazole and granulocyte colony stimulating factor, close attention should be paid to the drug interaction and individualized medication should be carried out to ensure the safety of medication.

DOI: 10.7754/Clin.Lab.2023.231142