You have to be registered and logged in for purchasing articles.


Research and Analysis of Molecules such as CD28, CD45RA, CD45RO, CD38, HLA-DR, and CD57 on T Cells in Multiple Myeloma by Xinhong Yang, Qiuxia Liu, Xiaofeng Yang, Cuihong Gu, Xue Wu, Zhihua Zhang

Background: For many years it has been postulated that the immune system controls the progress of multiple myeloma (MM). However, the phenotypes of T cells in MM remain to be elucidated. In this study, we compared the phenotypes of T cells, which were obtained from the peripheral blood, in MM patients with those in healthy donors (HD). The expression of CCR7, CD57, CD28, HLA-DR, CD38, CD45RA, and CD45RO were assessed on T cells from MM patients and HDs using multicolor flow cytometry (MFC).
Methods: For this study, 17 newly diagnosed MM patients were selected, and 20 healthy people were selected as a control group. MFC was used to detect the markers on T cells.
Results: We detected significant increases in the expression levels of HLA-DR, CD38, and CD57on CD8+ T cells, significant decreases in the expression levels of CD28 and CD45RA on CD8+ T cells, and a decrease of CD4+ effec-tor T cells in MM patients, compared to the HD group.
Conclusions: Our study shows that the accumulation of peripheral CD8+CD57+T cells, CD8+CD38high T cells, and CD8+HLA-DR+CD38high T cells is reflective of an ongoing antitumor T cell response and a progressive immune dysfunction in MM. During chemotherapy, the recovery of immune function can be monitored by detecting the proportion of activated molecules of T lymphocytes.

DOI: 10.7754/Clin.Lab.2023.231215