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Hematological Parameters and Comorbidities in COVID-19: Insights into Clinical Profiles and Outcome Predictors by Khalaf F. Alsharif

Background: The global pandemic, known as the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome, coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), poses a significant threat, particularly to individuals with comorbidities such as hypertension, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), diabetes, HIV, cardiovascular disease (CVD), and cancer.
Methods: This descriptive retrospective study investigates the impact of comorbidities on COVID-19-positive patients. The study includes individuals that were tested positive for SARS-CoV-2 via polymerase chain reaction at the Security Forces Hospital, Makkah, KSA, between February, 2022, and June, 2022. A total of 208 patients (107 males, 101 females) were examined, and the laboratory results revealed normal parameters.
Results: An analysis indicates that 86.5% of the patients were discharged, 2.9% remained hospitalized, and 10.6% succumbed to the disease, indicating a 10.6% mortality rate among comorbid COVID-19-positive patients. Notably, the study identifies specific comorbidities (chronic kidney disease, diabetes mellitus, hypertension) and changes in laboratory parameters (red blood cells, hemoglobin, C-reactive protein, white blood cells, ferritin, D-dimer, ALT, troponin, LDH, neutrophils) associated with ICU admission during hospitalization.
Conclusions: This study underscores the critical impact of comorbidities, such as chronic kidney disease, diabetes, and hypertension, on the clinical outcomes of COVID-19-positive patients. The identification of specific laboratory parameters linked with ICU admission provides valuable insights for risk stratification and tailored management strategies.

DOI: 10.7754/Clin.Lab.2023.231128