Background: This study was conducted to investigate the correlation between KCNQ1 rs2237895 A/C gene polymorphism and blood indexes and prognosis in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC).
Methods: A total of 260 NSCLC patients were selected and classified into stage I - II (n = 109) and stage III - IV (n = 151) according to by American Joint Committee on Cancer Staging Manual. A control group was established with another 92 healthy subjects. The genotype distribution of rs2237895 was analyzed in all subjects. 2 analysis or Fisher’s test was employed to analyze the association between genotype and allele distribution frequencies with carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), squamous cell carcinoma antigen, and cytokeratin fragment 19 (CyfrA 21-1). Overall survival was compared by genotype stratification using Kaplan-Meier analysis. Univariate and multivariate Cox risk regression analyses were used to determine the prognostic value of allele C in NSCLC.
Results: AC/CC genotypes in NSCLC patients were associated with gender, hypertension, smoking, clinical TNM stage, lymph node metastasis, and distant metastasis. C allele was associated with higher risk levels of serum tumor markers. Patients with allele C (AC + CC) had lower overall survival than patients with genotype AA. Finally, clinical stage, lymph node metastasis, higher CEA and CyfrA 21-1 serum levels, and rs2237895 A/C gene poly-morphism were independent prognostic factors of NSCLC.
Conclusions: rs2237895 A/C polymorphism of the KCNQ1 gene can be a prognostic predictor in patients with surgically treated NSCLC.