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Elevated HbA1c Level has a Linear Association with Infertility in Women by Luhu Yu, Xiaoyu Li, Kaiqiang Xi, Rongyan Wu

Background: Hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) is commonly known as a plasma glucose monitoring indicator. However, the relationship between HbA1c and fertility has not been clarified in previous literature. This study aims to investigate the association between HbA1c and the incidence of infertility.
Methods: Data from the U.S. National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2013 - 2018 was utilized. The final study contained 3,319 women aged 18 to 45 years. Multivariable logistic regression models were performed to analyze the correlation of HbA1c on female infertility with adjustment for relevant covariates including demographic characteristics, lifestyle, clinical laboratory biomarkers, and comorbidities.
Results: We found a significant linear correlation between HbA1c and infertility even in the fully-adjusted model (OR: 1.27, 95% CI: 1.07 - 1.5). Subgroup analysis stratified by age showed a significant linear association with HbA1c and infertility in the younger group (age < 35 years). Whereas, results showed a lack of significant association in the older group (age > 35 years).
Conclusions: Data from a population-based sample in US women aged 18 to 45 years suggest that elevated HbA1c level correlated with increasing risk of infertility, even HbA1c is within the normal range. Further well-designed randomized controlled trials are needed to determine whether strategies to reduce HbA1c levels are effective in decreasing the incidence of female infertility.

DOI: 10.7754/Clin.Lab.2023.230725