Background: Based on research, c.609G>A (p.W203X) is a universal mutation site for MMACHC in methylmalonic acidemia (MMA) combined with homocystinuria, cblC type (cblC disease), and c.467G>A (p.G156D) mutation in families with such disease have not yet been reported.
To conduct clinical and molecular genetic analysis of a family with cblC disease.
Methods: This work followed the Declaration of Helsinki. All testing methods were performed under the informed consent of our children patients’ parents. A second-generation cblC family with 5 members, was selected as the research subject, including sick siblings and parents and an older sister with normal phenotype, given newborn screening for acylcarnitine spectrum via liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS), and diagnosed through combining urine organic acid with homocysteine detection via gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) with second-generation gene sequencing technology. The peripheral blood of five family members was collected for genomic DNA extraction, and the changes were screened in disease-related MMACHC sequence via PCR and direct DNA sequencing.
Results: The family conformed to the autosomal recessive inheritance, the proband and younger sister were cblC patients, diagnosed in February and at 22d given relevant treatment. The proband died, whereas the younger sister received follow-up treatment. Their parents and sister had normal phenotype. In 2 cases, there was compound heterozygous mutation in MMACHC called c.609G>A (p.W203X) nonsense mutation and c.467G>A (p.G156D) missense mutation in exon 4, while the father with normal phenotype had heterozygous mutation c.609G>A in exon 4 coding area. In its protein, the 203rd amino acid changed from tryptophan to a stop codon (p.W203 x). The normal mother and sister had a heterozygous mutation c.467G>A in exon 4 coding area. In its protein, the 156th amino acid changed from glycine to aspartic acid (p.G156D).
Conclusions: The cblC family results from c.609G>A (p.W203X) and c.467G>A (p.G156D) compound heterozygous mutations in MMACHC, which has a pathogenic impact.