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HPLC-MS/MS Method Validation for Antifungal Agents in Human Serum in Clinical Application by Hyebin Choi, Jisook Yim, Jae Hyun Cha, Juyeon Kim, Keun Ju Kim, Minjeong Nam, Myung Hyun Nam, Chang Kyu Lee, Yunjung Cho, Seung Gyu Yun

Background: Therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) of antifungal drugs is recommended. LC-MS/MS outperforms bioassay and high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) for TDM. In this study, we validated TDM for voriconazole, posaconazole, and itraconazole using HPLC-MS/MS with the multiple reaction monitoring (MRM) method.
Methods: For the validation of LC-MS/MS for antifungal TDM, accuracy, precision, linearity, carryover, lower limit of quantitation (LLOQ), ion suppression, and sample stability tests were performed according to the guidelines of the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI).
Results: The LC-MS/MS triazole method showed that all analytes had biases less than 8.9% and coefficients of variation (CV) less than 7.7%. The linearity was validated over the ranges of 0.20 to 5.86 mg/L for voriconazole, 0.12 to 4.96 mg/L for posaconazole, 0.09 to 1.85 mg/L for itraconazole, and 0.12 to 2.38 mg/L for OH-itraconazole. Ion suppression and carryover were negligible. The lower limits of quantitation (LLOQs) for voriconazole, posaconazole, itraconazole, and OH-itraconazole were 0.114 mg/L, 0.206 mg/L, 0.118 mg/L, and 0.065 mg/L, respectively. Voriconazole, posaconazole, itraconazole, and OH-itraconazole can be stored at 4℃ for 4 - 7 days, according to sample stability. Sample preparation took < 15 minutes per batch, and analytical run time was 5 minutes per sample.
Conclusions: We developed and validated a simple, reliable, and quick LC-MS/MS method for triazole antifungal agents TDM suitable for routine hospital practice.

DOI: 10.7754/Clin.Lab.2023.230306