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Clinical Features and Blood Indicators for Severity and Prognosis in COVID-19 Patients by Jingjie Liu, Shouping Gong, Jianrui Lv, Gang Wang, Yonghong Guo, Dengfeng Gao, Dexin Zhang, Shiyang Ma, Huanan Luo, Huiyun Yang, Xiaorong Ma

Background: This study aimed to analyze the clinical manifestations and blood indicators to deepen the understanding of Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).
Methods: COVID-19 patients admitted to C10 West Ward, Tongji Hospital in Wuhan City ("West Ward") between January 31 and March 28, 2020, were retrospectively analyzed.
Results: A total of 61 COVID-19 patients were hospitalized, wherein the non-critical Group had 30 cases, while the critical group had 31 (including 14 survivors and 17 deaths). Age, the proportion of fever cases, white blood cell (WBC), basophils, red blood cell (RBC), hemoglobin, lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), C-reactive protein (CRP), high-sensitivity troponin, pro-BNP (brain natriuretic peptide), prothrombin time (PT), and D-dimer were higher in the critical group while lymphocytes, eosinophils, albumin were lower compared with those of the non-critical group (all p < 0.05). WBC (p = 0.008), basophils (p = 0.034), and LDH (p = 0.005) of the death subgroup climbed remarkably in comparison with those of the survival subgroup.
Conclusions: Advanced age, high fever, increases in indicators such as WBC, basophils, CRP, LDH, high-sensitivity troponin, pro-BNP, and D-dimer, and decreases in indicators, including lymphocytes, eosinophils, and albumin, might forebode a critical condition.

DOI: 10.7754/Clin.Lab.2022.220623