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Serum Proteomic Analysis by Nanoflow LC-MS/MS-Based Proteomics in IgA Chronic Kidney Disease by Dandan Xue, Mianyang Li, Daijun Xiang, Jingru Sun, Wei Zhang, Jinyan Duan, Xiaoliang Cheng, Chengbin Wang

Background: IgA nephropathy (IgAN) is the most frequently occurring primary glomerulonephritis. A lack of specific biomarkers hinders the early diagnosis and treatment of this disease. This study analyzes and validates potential serum biomarkers using mass spectrometry proteomics.
Methods: Global proteomics profiles of serum from 60 patients with IgAN and 43 healthy control subjects were compared to identify significantly changed proteins. These proteins were validated with targeted proteomics using parallel reaction monitoring (PRM) in an independent validation set consisting of samples from 67 different stage IgAN patients and 60 healthy controls.
Results: A total of 37 significantly changed proteins were found in the discovery set, among which 18 proteins were identified as potential biomarkers for IgAN through PRM assays in the validation set. Of these 18 proteins, IgGFc-binding protein, MS-A1 light chain variable region, transthyretin, ficolin-3, and myosin-reactive immunoglobulin light chain variable region were up-regulated in different IgAN stages, B cell receptor heavy chain variable region, rheumatoid factor RF-ET6, heavy chain Fab, cryocrystalglobulin CC1 heavy chain variable region, FLJ94213, lumican, and Q68CN4 (uncharacterized protein) were down-regulated in different IgAN stages. These proteins support previous findings that CKD is accompanied by altered immune response.
Conclusions: This study lays the groundwork for additional research using biomarkers to clinically diagnose IgAN. These proteins are potential molecular markers that could help us understand the potential molecular mechanism of IgAN.

DOI: 10.7754/Clin.Lab.2022.220417