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Angiocatheter Decompression on a Covid-19 Patient with severe Pneumonia, Pneumothorax, and Subcutaneous Emphysema by A. Mocanu, V. Lazureanu, T. Cut, R. Laza, V. Musta, N. Nicolescu, A. Marinescu, A. Nelson-Twakor, R. Dumache, O. Mederle

Background: A novel coronavirus, currently known as Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2, causes Coronavirus disease 2019 (Covid-19). Its most significant complication is a kind of pneumonia known as of 2019 New Coronavirus-Infected Pneumonia (NCIP). Covid-19 pneumonia can have unusual complications that affect both lungs in a widespread manner.
Acute lung damage and Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome (ARDS) are typical in severe Covid-19 cases. Several potential risk factors cause the pneumonia associated with this disease, such as age over 65, diabetes, hypertension, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, immunosuppression, and pregnancy. Furthermore, various laboratory markers like high levels of C-reactive protein (CRP), D-dimers, ferritin, interleukin-6 (IL-6), and LDH, as well as a low lymphocyte and thrombocyte count, have been linked to increased disease severity and a poor prognosis.
Methods: In this study, we present a case of a 45-year-old patient with a rare evolution of the disease, who made a full recovery against all odds. We highlight the atypical presentation of Covid-19 in this patient, who developed some unusual complications, such as pneumonia, pneumothorax, pneumomediastinum, and subcutaneous emphysema.
Results: There is a scarcity of information on patient-related variables linked to pneumothorax in severely sick Covid-19 patients. This study adds to the existing research, reinforcing that spontaneous pneumothorax can be caused by the infection itself, in addition to ventilator-induced trauma in mechanically ventilated patients.
Conclusions: We conclude that patients with Covid-19 pneumonia may develop a more robust and systemic illness characterized by acute lung injury, acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), shock, coagulopathy, and nu¬merous organ dysfunctions, all of which are linked with a high risk of death.

DOI: 10.7754/Clin.Lab.2022.220147