Background: Metastatic or recurrent endometrial cancers with low survival rate had no standard or limited therapy choice. The aim of our study was to determine the efficiency and safety of tislelizumab combined with carboplatin-paclitaxel as a front-line therapy for patients with metastatic or recurrent endometrial cancer.
Methods: This clinical retrospective cohort study examined 24 Chinese patients with metastasis or recurrence but had not yet received treatment. The therapeutic regimen consisted of 6 cycles of intravenous paclitaxel (175 mg/m2) and carboplatin (target AUC: 5 mg/mL/min) with tislelizumab (200 mg) once every 3 weeks, and then intravenous tislelizumab (200 mg) once every 3 weeks until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
Results: At the 18-month follow-up, 8 patients were still receiving treatment, 13 were dead, and 3 withdrew. The objective response rate (ORR) was 62.5%, the disease control rate was 75.00%. The ORR was 77.78% for patients positive for PD-L1 and 69.23% for patients positive for MSI-H. The median overall survival time was 11.50 months, and the median progression-free survival time was 6.00 months. Half of the patients experienced 3 - 4 grade adverse events. There were no allergic reactions or treatment-related deaths.
Conclusions: Tislelizumab combined with carboplatin-paclitaxel was used as a front-line therapy, had a beneficial effect and was safe for patients with metastatic or recurrent endometrial cancer.