Background: Establishment of reference intervals (RIs) for different biomarkers is essential for clinical monitoring. The purpose of this study was to establish laboratory RIs of SARS-CoV-2 IgM and IgG for elder population.
Materials: Performance verification was conducted with reference to the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI) guidelines, including linearity, imprecision, and allowable dilution ratio. Based on CLSI C28-A3 document, a total of 3,734 serum samples were collected, and 3,733 serum samples were used for the establishment of RIs for SARS-CoV-2 IgM and IgG. The subjects were grouped by gender and age. The age groups were as follows: 60 - 69 years, 70 - 79 years, 80 - 89 years, and 90 - 101 years. The RI was defined by nonparametric 95th percentile intervals.
Results: Percentage deviation of all the seven dilutions were all less than 12.5% during linearity evaluation. The inter-assay and intra-assay imprecision were all less than 5%. There is no significant difference between different gender and age groups for IgM (p = 0.0818, p = 0.7094), and there is significant difference between different gender and age groups for IgG (p = 0.0011, p = 0.0013). Harris-Boyd’s test did not indicate partitioning for IgM and IgG. Cutoff values of RI for SARS-CoV-2 IgM and IgG were defined as 0.1523 S/CO and 0.2663 S/CO, respectively.
Conclusions: RIs of SRAR-CoV-2 IgM and IgG were established for elder population, which can play an important role in the prevention and control of the epidemic.