Background: We aimed to identify changes in the diagnosis and subtype classification of Korean patients with BCR-ABL1-negative MPN related to the revision of the WHO classification in 2016.
Methods: We evaluated 76 Korean patients with BCR-ABL1-negative MPN who underwent diagnostic work-ups, including bone marrow (BM) examinations and JAK2 V617F mutation analysis, from January 2013 to June 2018. Additionally, we reclassified the subtype of 43 patients who were diagnosed based on the WHO 2008 classification.
Results: From January 2013 to April 2016, 43 patients were diagnosed with BCR-ABL1-negative MPN (12 PV, 17 ET, 14 PMF) according to the 2008 WHO classification, and from May 2016 to June 2018, 33 patients were diagnosed according to the 2016 classification (15 PV, 11 ET, 7 PMF). With the application of 2016 classification, 3 cases of ET were reclassified as pre-PMF, and the proportion of PV increased from 27.9% to 45.5%. There were significant differences in CBC between pre-PMF and overt PMF, between ET and overt-PMF, but no difference between ET and pre-PMF.
Conclusions: The overall characteristics of BCR-ABL1-negative MPN patients were not significantly different from those of previous reports. 'Masked PV', which could not be diagnosed according to the WHO 2008 classification, may have been diagnosed as PV since 2016 due to the increase in the diagnostic value of the BM findings and the lowering of the hemoglobin (Hb) threshold.