Background: Identifying the distribution and pattern of specific aeroallergens in Sichuan, China, after the corona-virus disease (COVID-19) epidemic and to provide a basis for future prevention and clinical treatment.
Methods: Serological tests for 10 types of aeroallergens were performed on 10,036 participants attending the West China Second University Hospital from January 2020 to January 2021. SPSS23.0 was used to statistically analyze their specific immunoglobulin E (sIgE) grades in different genders, various age groups, and different diseases.
Results: Of the 10,036 participants, 4,578 (45.62%) were allergic to at least one allergen. House dust had the highest sensitization rate (2,974, 29.63%), followed by Dermatophagoides farina (2,717, 27.07%) and Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus (2,611, 26.02%). Male and female participants had no significant difference in overall sensitization distributions. The prevalence differences between 0 - 3, 4 - 6, 7 - 9, 10 - 12, 13 - 15, and over 16-year-old age groups were statistically significant (p < 0.05), and the highest incidence age for children to be sensitive to aeroallergens was 4 - 6 years, respectively. Sensitization to D. pteronyssinus, D. farina, house dust, dog epithelium, and Alternaria alternata was more common in patients with rhinitis and asthma compared with bronchitis.
Conclusions: Aeroallergens are important causes of respiratory-related allergic diseases, and the characteristics of allergen sensitization discovered in this study could help with inhalant allergy disease prevention, diagnosis, and management in the post-epidemic era.