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Evaluation of the Relationship between CRP/Albumin Ratio and Pulmonary Function Parameters in Patients with Post-Acute COVID-19 by Dursun E. Afsin, Bugra Kerget

Background: Novel coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), which has been a global pandemic for nearly 2 years, presents with highly variable clinical manifestations in both the acute and post-acute periods. This study evaluated the relationship between CRP/albumin ratio and pulmonary function at 12 weeks in patients with post-acute COVID-19.
Methods: The study included 157 patients with a previous diagnosis of COVID-19 pneumonia who presented to our outpatient clinic with symptoms of post-acute COVID-19 (12 weeks after first testing positive) between July 2021 and October 2021. Patients who had non-severe pneumonia were included in group 1, severe pneumonia that did not require intensive care in group 2, and severe pneumonia that required intensive care in group 3.
Results: At 12 weeks, group 3 had significantly lower percent predicted forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1%), percent predicted forced vital capacity (FVC%), percent predicted diffusing capacity of the lungs for carbon monoxide (DLCO%), and oxygen saturation (SO2) compared to patients in groups 1 and 2 (p = 0.001, 0.04, 0.001, and 0.001, respectively). CRP/albumin ratio was significantly lower in group 2 compared to groups 1 and 3 (p = 0.001). Correlation analysis independent of age and comorbidity showed that CRP/albumin ratio was negatively correlated with SO2, FEV1%, FVC%, and DLCO%.
Conclusions: CRP and albumin levels have prognostic significance during acute COVID-19 infection. The negative correlation between CRP/albumin ratio and respiratory function observed in our study suggest this parameter may be used in the follow-up of patients presenting at 12 weeks with post-acute COVID-19 symptoms.

DOI: 10.7754/Clin.Lab.2021.211102