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Correlations of Leukotriene B4 and 25-Hydroxyvitamin D3 Levels with Disease Severity in Children with Henoch-Schonlein Purpura by Lin Zhu, Chunzhen Zhang, Rongmei Xiang, Yahui Luo

Background: The aim was to explore the correlations of leukotriene B4 (LTB4) and 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 [25(OH)D3] levels with disease severity in children with Henoch-Schonlein purpura (HSP).
Methods: A total of 260 HSP children admitted from January 2017 to December 2018 were selected, and 60 healthy children physically examined in the same period were enrolled as controls. The results of general laboratory tests and expression levels of leukotriene B4 (LTB4) and 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 [25(OH)D3] were compared. The correlations of LTB4 and 25(OH)D3 with immunoglobulin A (IgA) were statistically analyzed, and the expression levels of LTB4 and 25(OH)D3 were compared between Henoch-Schonlein purpura nephritis (HSPN) group and non-Henoch-Schonlein purpura nephritis (NHSPN) group. The optimal cutoff values of LTB4 and 25(OH)D3 to predict HSP were analyzed by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves, based on which they were divided into low-, intermediate-, and high-risk groups. The length of hospital stay and recurrence rate within 6 months were compared.
Results: The levels of white blood cell count, platelets, C-reactive protein, IgA, IgM, IgE, complement C3, and LTB4 were significantly higher and 25(OH)D3 was lower in HSP group than those in control group (p < 0.05). IgA, LTB4, and 25(OH)D3 levels were independent risk factors for HSP (p < 0.05). LTB4 was positively correlated with IgA (p < 0.05), and 25(OH)D3 was negatively correlated with IgA (p < 0.05). LTB4 level was significantly higher and 25(OH)D3 level was lower in HSPN group than those in NHSPN group (p < 0.05). The optimal cutoff values of LTB4 and 25(OH)D3 were 27.82 pg/mL and 22.10 ng/mL, respectively, the length of hospital stay gradually increased in low-, intermediate-, and high-risk groups, and the recurrence rates within 6 months were 14.2%, 31.5%, and 39.6%, respectively (p < 0.05).
Conclusions: LTB4 level increases and 25(OH)D3 level decreases in children with HSP, and the expression levels are significantly correlated with disease severity, suggesting predictive values for prognosis.

DOI: 10.7754/Clin.Lab.2021.211030