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The Frequency and Typing of HPV Virus Among Suspected Women Referred to HPV Genotyping Test in Mazandaran, Northern Iran by Elaheh Hosseini, S. Sahar Yaghoubian, S. M. Bagher Hashemi-Soteh

Background: Human papilloma viruses are a group of the Papillomaviridae family (ds DNA viruses), which infect basal epithelial cells. So far, 228 types of HPV have been identified, in which about 40 types infect the genital mucosa. In Iran, cervical cancer has been reported as the second most common malignancy in women which is approximately 8.8% of all cancers in women. HPV genotypes are classified as high-risk and low-risk according to cervical cancer. According to previous reports, nearly 70% of cervical cancers occur by HPV genotypes 16 and 18, of which genotype 16 is known as the most prevalent type. The main goal of this study was determining the frequency of HPV virus and its genotypes in the female population of Mazandaran.
Methods: This study was performed on 91 pathological samples. DNA was extracted from 500 μL of liquid-based cytology samples and PCR was performed for all of the samples. Genotyping step was performed based on strip assay method.
Results: HPV 39 (6.55%), 56 (3.27%), 51 (3.27%), and 68 (3.27%) were the most frequent types respectively. Also, HPV 11 (8.19%) and 6 (3.27%) show the most frequency among LR-HPV genotypes. HPV type 6 (16.39%), 56 (14.75%), 11 (14.75%), 16 (13.11%), and 66 (11.47%) were the four most common types seen in mixed infection samples.
Conclusions: Differences among the types of HPV can be due to various geographical distributions of HPV. Our results revealed HPV 39 (6.55%) is the most common type among of HR-HPV followed by HPV 56, 51, 68 (3.27%); however, HPV 16 and HPV 18 were seen in just one case. HPV 11 (8.19%) and HPV 6 (3.27%) were the most common type among of LR-HPV.

DOI: 10.7754/Clin.Lab.2021.211004