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In Vitro Activity of Plazomicin Against Carbapenem Resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae Strains by Z. Demirbas, H. Selcuk Ozger, Serap Suzuk-Yildiz, Zekiye Bakkaloglu, Murat Dizbay

Background: In our study, we evaluated the in vitro activities of plazomicin, amikacin, gentamicin, and tobramycin among fifty carbapenem resistant Klebsiella pneumoniae (CR-Kp) isolates. Aminoglycoside resistance genes in selected CR-Kp strains were also examined.
Methods: Minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) of meropenem, plazomicin, tobramycin, gentamicin, and amikacin were determined by gradient test (G-test) method. In all strains carbapenemase activity was assessed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Aminoglycoside modifying enzyme (AME) genes in 14 CR-Kp strains that are resistant to at least one of tobramycin, gentamicin, and amikacin among fifty CR-Kp isolates, and 16S ribosomal methylase genes in 6 CR-Kp strains with plazomicin MIC ≥ 128 mg/L were investigated by PCR method.
Results: The most frequently detected carbapenemase enzyme in the strains in our study was OXA-48 (88%). Aminoglycoside susceptibilities of all isolates were determined; plazomicin 84%, amikacin 66%, gentamicin 50%, tobramycin 18%. The most common AME gene positivities were found, 93% (n = 13) ant(3')-I, 78% (n = 11) aac(6')-Ib, 57% (n = 8) aac(3')-IV, 42% (n = 6) aac(3')-IIa, and 29% (n = 4) aph(3')-VI. Most of the isolates examined for the presence of AME carry at least two or more AME genes. The most common 16S ribosomal methylase gene was rmtH. In our study, MIC values of ≥ 256 µg/mL were found in 6 (12%) of 50 isolates against amikacin, tobramycin, and gentamicin, including plazomicin. At least two 16S ribosomal methylase gene positivity has been shown in these 6 strains.
Conclusions: In our study, increased in vitro efficacy of plazomicin was shown in CR-Kp isolates comparing to other aminoglycosides. Plazomicin is an effective treatment option against CR-Kp isolates and needs to be sup-ported by clinical studies.

DOI: 10.7754/Clin.Lab.2021.210936