You have to be registered and logged in for purchasing articles.


Clinical Course and Factors Associated with Viral RNA Shedding and Radiologic Resolution in Patients with COVID-19: a Retrospective Study by Jian Wu, Meizhu Chen, Changli Tu, Qiang Xiao, Xinran Liu, Xiaorong Zhou, YingJian Liang, Cuiyan Tan, Zhenguo Wang, Yiying Huang, Kongqiu Wang, Chunping Bi, Guanmin Jiang, Jin Huang, Xiujuan Qu, Xiaobin Zheng, Jing Liu

Background: The outbreak of SARS-CoV-2 lead to a worldwide pandemic which poses substantial challenges to public health.
Methods: We enrolled 102 consecutive recovered patients with laboratory-confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection. Epidemiological and demographic characteristics, temporal dynamic profiles of laboratory tests and findings on chest CT radiography, and clinical outcomes were collected and analyzed.
Results: Independent risk factors for prolonged fever, viral RNA shedding or radiologic recovery included age of more than 44 years, female gender, having symptoms of cough and fever, a delay from the symptom onset to hospitalization of more than 3 days, a lower CD4 count of less than 500/μL on admission, and severe or critical illness in hospitalization. The estimated median time from symptom onset was 6.4 (5.5 - 7.4) days to peak viral load, 9.1 (7.9 - 10.4) days to afebrile, 8 (6.7 - 9.4) days to worst radiologic finding, 12.7 (11.2 - 14.3) days to viral RNA negativity, and 26.7 (23.8 - 29.9) days to radiologic resolution. This study included the entire cross-section of patients seen in our clinical practice and reflected the real-world situation.
Conclusions: These findings provide the rationale for strategies of active symptom monitoring, timing of quarantine and antiviral interventions, and duration of radiologic follow-up in patients with COVID-19.

DOI: 10.7754/Clin.Lab.2021.210605