Background: The outbreak of SARS-CoV-2 lead to a worldwide pandemic which poses substantial challenges to public health.
Methods: We enrolled 102 consecutive recovered patients with laboratory-confirmed SARS-CoV-2 infection. Epidemiological and demographic characteristics, temporal dynamic profiles of laboratory tests and findings on chest CT radiography, and clinical outcomes were collected and analyzed.
Results: Independent risk factors for prolonged fever, viral RNA shedding or radiologic recovery included age of more than 44 years, female gender, having symptoms of cough and fever, a delay from the symptom onset to hospitalization of more than 3 days, a lower CD4 count of less than 500/μL on admission, and severe or critical illness in hospitalization. The estimated median time from symptom onset was 6.4 (5.5 - 7.4) days to peak viral load, 9.1 (7.9 - 10.4) days to afebrile, 8 (6.7 - 9.4) days to worst radiologic finding, 12.7 (11.2 - 14.3) days to viral RNA negativity, and 26.7 (23.8 - 29.9) days to radiologic resolution. This study included the entire cross-section of patients seen in our clinical practice and reflected the real-world situation.
Conclusions: These findings provide the rationale for strategies of active symptom monitoring, timing of quarantine and antiviral interventions, and duration of radiologic follow-up in patients with COVID-19.