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Angelica Sinensis Polysaccharide Suppresses the Aging of Hematopoietic Stem Cells Through Sirt1/FoxO1 Signaling by Lu Peng, Shihuan Tang, Honghui Li, Qianxing Wang, Ting Long, Hui Zhang, Qinyuan Wu, Yaping Wang, Ling Liu, Xian Tang, Zhuomin Li, Xianping Zhang

Background: This study investigated the anti-aging effects of Angelica sinensis polysaccharide (ASP) on mouse hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) and related mechanisms.
Methods: Seventy-two C57BL/6J mice were randomly divided into the following three groups (n = 24 per group): control group; aging group, in which mice were irradiated with X-ray uniformly to establish the aging model of HSCs; and ASP group, in which mice were given 200 mg/kg ASP during irradiation. HSCs were collected by immunomagnetic beads, transmission electron microscopy was used to examine the morphological changes in HSCs, SA-β-Gal staining was used to detect the aging cells, immunofluorescence staining was used to detect the reactive oxygen species (ROS), and western blotting was used to evaluate the expression levels of sirtuin 1 (Sirt1) and forkhead box O1 (FoxO1).
Results: HSCs in the control group had an intact cytoplasmic structure and many mitochondria. In the aging group, HSCs had many vacuoles in the cytoplasm, and few and irregular mitochondria. In the ASP group, HSCs had a normal cytoplasmic structure and more mitochondria compared with the aging group. The aging group had a significantly higher positive rate of HSCs SA-β-Gal staining and ROS production than the control group (p < 0.05), but had lower expression of Sirt1 and FoxO1 (p < 0.05). These patho(physio)logical changes were ameliorated by ASP treatment (all p < 0.05).
Conclusions: ASP inhibits irradiation-induced oxidative stress and aging of HSCs at least in part by regulating the Sirt1/FoxO1 pathway, thereby delaying aging of HSCs in mice.

DOI: 10.7754/Clin.Lab.2021.210731