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Clinical Application for Diagnosis of Myelodysplatic/Myeloproliferative Neoplasm with Ring Sideroblasts and Thrombocytosis by Min Young Lee, Seongsoo Jang, Chan-Jeoung Park, Young-Uk Cho

Background: Myelodysplastic/myeloproliferative neoplasm with ring sideroblasts and thrombocytosis (MDS/ MPN-RS-T) was newly introduced as a full entity in the 2016 revision of the WHO classification. In this study, we investigated the morphologic, laboratory, and clinical features of MDS/MPN-RS-T.
Methods: We reviewed the bone marrow and genetic studies of patients whose diagnoses were coded as “refractory anemia with ring sideroblasts (RARS)” or “MDS/MPN, unclassifiable” between January 2008 and April 2018.
Results: A total of 8 cases fulfilled the criteria for a diagnosis of MDS/MPN-RS-T. All of them had no specific symptoms. Half of the cases had less than 450 × 109/L platelet counts by an automated hematology analyzer; however, all platelet counts exceeded 450 × 109/L when performed manually. JAK2 mutation tests were performed in 7 cases, and a heterozygous mutation was detected in 1 case. SF3B1 mutations were present in 3 of the 4 cases tested.
Conclusions: When RARS is suspected in patients without thrombocytopenia, manual platelet counts should be performed. For patients with suspected essential thrombocythemia, RS evaluation through careful observation of an iron-stained slide is crucial. Since the independent evaluation of RS was reflected in the revised classification, the ambiguous disease classification becomes clearer and more consistent.

DOI: 10.7754/Clin.Lab.2021.210738