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Disparity Analysis of Clinicopathologic Hallmarks between Transformed DLBCL and Primary DLBCL by Cai Sun, Ziyuan Shen, Zhenzhen Bian, Yuanyuan Ma, Jiaqin Li, Yuhan Ma, Xuguang Song, Dongmei Yan, Hui Liu, Zhenyu Li, Wei Sang, Kailin Xu

Background: A variety of indolent lymphomas, particularly marginal zone lymphoma (MZL) and follicular lymphoma (FL) can be histologically transformed to diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). Little is known about the disparity of clinicopathologic characteristics between transformed DLBCL (tDLBCL) and primary DLBCL (pDLBCL).
Methods: This retrospective study analyzed the clinicopathological hallmarks of 10 tDLBCL (7 MZL and 3 FL) and 40 pDLBCL from the Affiliated Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University.
Results: Patients of tDLBCL had a higher ECOG score, more B-symptoms, and lower serum albumin level than those in pDLBCL (60.0% vs. 7.50%, 40.0% vs. 10.0%, and 90.0% vs. 10.0%, respectively, p < 0.01). Pathologically, tDLBCL had more c-Myc and BCL-2 dual-expression than that in pDLBCL (60.0% vs. 25.0%, p < 0.01). The positive rate of CD5 expression and the proportion of high Ki-67 score in tDLBCL were higher than those in pDLBCL (50.0% vs. 7.5%, 50.0% vs. 32.5%, respectively, p < 0.01). The median overall survival and progression-free survival were 14 months and 11 months in tDLBCL, 35 months and 28 months in pDLBCL (p < 0.05 and p < 0.001).
Conclusions: Our results demonstrate that tDLBCL manifested aggressive clinical course and pathological features of Myc/BCL-2 expression, CD5 expression, and high Ki-67 score.

DOI: 10.7754/Clin.Lab.2021.211028