Background: COVID-19 has continued to aggressively spread and kill. The incidence of complications and associated mortality rates are high. Cardiac damage, which is related to survival, is one of these. The purpose of this study is to assess the role of BNP, a cardiac biomarker, in predicting mortality in COVID-19.
Materials and Methods: This single-center, prospective observational study was performed from July to September 2020 in a tertiary university hospital designated for the treatment of COVID-19 patients. Patients whose diagnoses were confirmed with real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT‐PCR) tested nasopharyngeal swabs and with thoracic computed tomography (CT) findings compatible with COVID-19 pneumonia were included in the study. All clinical and laboratory data were obtained within the first 24 hours of hospital admission. To determine the risk of in-hospital death, patients were followed from admission until their discharge (1 to 15 days). The primary outcome was in-hospital death, defined as the case-fatality ratio.
Results: Among all biomarkers that were included in the multivariate analysis only high BNP levels was independently associated with mortality [Mean 1.012, 95% CI (1.005 - 1.02 pg/mL) (p = 0.002)]. Mortality was found to be significantly associated with older age and higher BNP, LDH, AST, HGB, PLT, ferritin, D-dimer, and CRP levels. In addition, mortality was found to be higher with longer duration of hospitalization (p = 0.041).
Conclusions: Our fundamental goal for COVID-19 is to determine whether the hospitalized patients are in the mortality risk group at an early stage of disease. Adding measurement of BNP levels to routine laboratory tests for COVID-19 may be a practical approach to determine the patients with a high risk of mortality.