Background: According to the latest data, the detection rate of echinococcus in Hoboksar Mongol Autonomous County was 3.7%. The objective of this study is to further investigate the epidemiology of echinococcosis in Ho-boksar Mongol Autonomous County of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, People’s Republic of China and provide the scientific evidence for preventive and control measures.
Methods: We performed ultrasound examination of 521 people in Hoboksar Mongol Autonomous County of Xinjiang Autonomous Region, and collected 508 serum samples, which were analyzed with enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Data were analyzed by t-test and multinomial logistic regression for risk factor analysis. We collected 126 pieces of herder’s dog feces and used double antibody sandwich method to detect the positive rate of fecal antigen.
Results: The prevalence rate of human echinococcosis in this region was 4.4% (23/521), including 4.0% (21/521) for cystic echinococcosis (CE), 0.38% (2/521) for alveolar echinococcosis (AE). It was found that CE seropositivity was significantly different from gender, age, ethnic group, occupation, culture, area, income and awareness of this disease. The seroprevalence rate of people aged 41 - 65 (3.74%) was higher than of age 0 - 17 (0.197%) (p > 0.05); Female serological positive (4.921%) was higher than male (1.772%) (p > 0.005); Mongolian serological positive (5%) was higher than Han (0.197%) and Kazakhs (1.181%) (p > 0.05); The herdsmen serological positive (2.756% was higher than students (0.197%) (p > 0.05); The primary school students serological positive (2.559%) was higher than children before school 0% (p > 0.05); Chagankule serological positive (9.211%) was higher than Bayinaow (8.497%) (p > 0.05); The seroprevalence rate of people with income < 2,000 (3.74%) was higher than people with income over 5,000 (0.197%) (p > 0.05); The seroprevalence rate of people who had no disease awareness (4.724%) was higher than those who had awareness of Hydatid disease (1.969%) (p < 0.05). Multivariate logistic regression show age, ethic group and awareness of station are the influence factors of epidemiology of echinococcosis. Canine fecal antigen positive rate was 50% (p > 0.05). Narenhebuke (48.78%) was higher than chahet (20.00%), but there is no statistical difference (p > 0.05).
Conclusions: The surveillance data and our study results tend to be consistent that echinococcosis has an increasing trend in Hoboksar Mongol Autonomous County. Efforts should be continued, in both animals and humans by increasing training campaigns and public awareness.