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Peripheral Blood Cell Ratios as Prognostic Predictors of Mortality in Patients with Hepatitis B Virus-Related Decompensated Cirrhosis by XiaoTing Qi, ChangMin Wang, XinJie Shan

Background: We sought to determine the correlations between peripheral blood cell ratios (neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), mean platelet volume-to-lymphocyte ratio (MPVLR), monocyte-to-lymphocyte ratio (MLR), platelet-to-neutrophil ratio (PNR), and platelet-to-white blood cell ratio (PWR)) and short-term prognosis in patients with hepatitis B virus (HBV)-associated decompensated cirrhosis (HBV-DeCi).
Methods: A total of 144 HBV-DeCi patients were enrolled. Demographic characteristics and laboratory data for the patients were acquired from their medical records. Multivariate regression analysis was applied to determine risk factors for unfavorable outcomes. The predictive performance of different ratios was examined by receiver operating characteristic curve analysis. Liver function was assessed by the Model for End-Stage Liver Disease (MELD) score.
Results: Twenty-one HBV-DeCi patients (14.6%) had died at 30 days. Survival was associated with lower NLR, MLR, MPVLR, and MELD score and higher PWR and PNR than non-survival. Multivariate analyses identified NLR and MELD score as independent prognostic predictors. The ability of NLR to predict mortality was higher than that of MLR, PNR, MPVLR, and PWR, but slightly lower than that of MELD score.
Conclusions: The present results suggest that peripheral blood cell ratios can be useful for predicting mortality in HBV-DeCi patients. These ratios should be considered together with other measures for evaluation of prognosis in HBV-DeCi patients and are conducive to clinical practice.

DOI: 10.7754/Clin.Lab.2021.210238