Background: Cirrhosis is often an asymptomatic disease. Its early diagnosis before the development of life-threatening complications is an important step to prevent the progression of the disease. The aim of the present study was the identification of parameters that are significantly changed in cirrhosis, are not affected by the cause of cirrhosis, and are associated with fatal complications of cirrhosis.
Methods: Demographic and pre-transplant ultrasound and laboratory findings were reviewed in patients with viral- (n = 27), autoimmune hepatitis- (n = 27), alcohol- (n = 18), primary sclerosing cholangitis- (PSC) (n = 36), and nonalcoholic steatohepatitis-related cirrhosis (n = 42).
Results: Among laboratory findings, only the aspartate aminotransferase-to-platelet ratio index (APRI) value in cirrhotic patients was significantly higher than that of healthy individuals (p < 0.001) and, meanwhile, its value was not different among cirrhotic patients with various etiologies (p = 0.240) but was associated with the ascites, as a cirrhosis life-threatening complication (p < 0.001).
Conclusions: The APRI has acceptable potential to predict prognosis in cirrhosis. So, it can be a possible parameter to the prediction of the lethal complications of cirrhosis.