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The Correlation between 25-Hydroxyvitamin D3 and the Severity and Short-Term Prognosis of Pulmonary Tuberculosis by Xiao-Qing Huang, Lei Pan, Xiao-Hong Pan, Jun-Ke Qiu, Cai-Hong Wang, Jie-Kun Xu, Xiao-Bo Ji, Min-Jie Mao

Background: Pulmonary tuberculosis is a chronic infectious disease caused by mycobacterium tuberculosis in the lungs. The present study aims to investigate the correlation between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 (25-VD3) and the severity and short-term prognosis of tuberculosis.
Methods: The clinical data of 261 pulmonary tuberculosis patients, who were admitted to the Tuberculosis Diagnosis and Treatment Center of our hospital from January 1, 2017 to December 31, 2020, was retrospectively collected. Taking the median of 25-VD3 at admission (11.40 ng/mL) as the cutoff value, these patients were divided into two groups: high 25-VD3 group (> 11.40 ng/mL, n = 131) and low 25-VD3 group (≤ 11.40 ng/mL, n = 130). Then, Pearson’s correlation analysis was performed using SPSS to determine the correlation between the 25-VD3 level and the length of hospitalization and Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II (APACHE II) score of pulmonary tuberculosis patients. According to the clinical outcome after 28 days of treatment, these patients were divided again into two groups: improvement group (n = 170) and death group (n = 91). Then, Pearson’s correlation analysis through SPSS was performed to determine the relationship between the 25-VD3 level and short-term prognosis of pulmonary tuberculosis patients.
Results: Compared to the low 25-VD3 group, pulmonary tuberculosis patients in the high 25-VD3 group were younger, had a higher percentage of improvement after 28 days of treatment, and had a lower APACHE II score (p < 0.05). However, the 25-VD3 level was not significantly correlated to the length of hospital stay of pulmonary tuberculosis patients (correlation coefficient r = 0.020, p = 0.746) and was significantly negatively correlated to the APACHE II score (correlation coefficient r = -0.211, p = 0.001). In addition, the age and APACHE II score of patients were lower in the improvement group, when compared to the death group, while the 25-VD3 level was higher and the length of hospital stay was longer, when compared to the death group (p < 0.01). The logistic regression analysis revealed that the length of hospital stay, APACHE II score, and 25-VD3 level are independent risk factors that affect the prognosis of pulmonary tuberculosis patients (p < 0.05).
Conclusions: In summary, 25-VD3 is closely correlated to the severity of tuberculosis, and this can be used to evaluate and predict the prognosis of patients.

DOI: 10.7754/Clin.Lab.2021.210633