Background: Gastric cancer (GC) remains the fourth-leading malignancy worldwide and has a high mortality rate. Accumulating evidence reveals that long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) play essential roles in tumorigenesis and metastasis and can be used as potential biomarkers for diagnosis and prognosis.
Methods: We downloaded gene expression profiles from the National Center of Biotechnology Information Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO), screened lncRNAs differentially expressed in gastric cancer tissues and adjacent tissues, and then constructed a lncRNA-miRNA-mRNA network. Seventy patients with gastric cancer were divided into two groups according to different clinical characteristics. The expression of lncRNA LUCAT1 in gastric cancer was detected by reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). The AGS and SGC-7901 cell lines were used in CCK8 assay, apoptosis, cell cycle test, transwell assay, and wound healing assay.
Results: The expression level of LUCAT1 was associated with tumor diameter (p < 0.001), tissue differentiation grade (p = 0.026), and LNM status (p = 0.020) in GC. The results showed that the lncRNA LUCAT1 could promote the proliferation, invasion, and migration of GC cells, inhibit the apoptosis of GC cells, and affect the process of cell cycles.
Conclusions: The lncRNA LUCAT1 may be used as a potential biomarker for early signs of LNM in GC and may play a crucial role in the development of GC.