Background: Acquired platelet dysfunction is a common element of trauma-induced coagulopathy and has been linked to increased mortality. The aim of the study was to describe the prevalence of platelet dysfunction in patients with acute intracranial bleeding.
Methods: Patients diagnosed with acute intracranial bleeding were screened for eligibility. Patients with an urgent need for craniotomy were enrolled in this prospective monocentric study. Platelet function analyses using multiple electrode aggregometry (TRAPtest, ASPItest and ADPtest) and conventional coagulation tests were performed. The area under the aggregation curves of the ASPItest and ADPtest were defined as primary outcome variables. Results: Seventy-seven patients were screened for eligibility, and 49 patients were ultimately enrolled in the study. In 14 patients (29%), clinically relevant platelet dysfunction was observed. Of those, 8 patients were treated with antiaggregatory medication at the time of study inclusion. Six patients (12%) were diagnosed with acute acquired platelet dysfunction.
Conclusions: Decreased platelet function was present in nearly one-third of patients with acute intracranial bleeding. Hemotherapy algorithms for the treatment of coagulopathy in this cohort should incorporate aggregometric measures to enable rapid goal-directed therapy.