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Pseudo-Hyperchloremia: Think about Analytical Interference with Bromides by Asmaa Biaz, Jalila Zirar, Elmehdi Elouadani, Sanae Bouhsain, Naoufal Hjira, Abdellah Dami, Samira Elmachtani-Idrissi

Background: We report a case of pseudo-hyperchloremia in a patient hospitalized in the dermatology department at the Mohammed V Military Hospital of Instruction in Rabat. The examination revealed self-medication with calcium bromo-galactogluconate, allowing the suspicion of an analytical interference on chloremia by bromides.
Methods: The determination of chloremia was done by indirect potentiometry on an Architect ci8200®.
Results: A biological assessment was carried out on admission, showed isolated hyperchloremia at 137 mmol/L (95 - 110 mmol/L), while the other electrolytes, the anion gap, and kidney function were normal. A follow-up electrolytes test one week after stopping calcium bromo-galactogluconate showed normalization of chloremia to 109 mmol/L.
Conclusions: The analytical interference of bromides on the chloride assay causes pseudo-hyperchloremia, an analytical anomaly not very well-known by clinicians.

DOI: 10.7754/Clin.Lab.2020.200903