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Activation of Platelets and Occurrence of Cerebral Vasospasm and Delayed Cerebral Ischemia Following Subarachnoid Hemorrhage in a Prospective Pilot-Trial by Elisabeth H. Adam, Christian Senft, Christian F. Weber, Se-Jong You, Bettina Paul, Jürgen Konczalla, Volker Seifert, Johannes Platz, Haitham Mutlak

Background: Aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) often leads to poor outcome. The aim of the study was to assess platelet function in patients after SAH.
Methods: In this prospective observational study in patients suffering from SAH, platelet count and aggregability were assessed by multiple electrode aggregometry (MEA) over 14 days.
Results: In 12 of 18 patients, cerebral vasospasms (CVS) were diagnosed; of those, five developed delayed cerebral ischemia (DCI). We observed a significant increase in the platelet count compared to baseline from day 8 onwards (p < 0.037) and, in patients with CVS and DCI, a significant difference in outcome classified by the mRS (p = 0.047). Repeated measures ANOVA determined no differences in platelet aggregability in patients with or without CVS/DCI.
Conclusions: Besides an increase in platelet count, we detected no increase in platelet aggregability. Nevertheless, patients after SAH may have increased platelet aggregability, which is not reflected by MEA.

DOI: 10.7754/Clin.Lab.2020.200454