Background: Breast tumor is a common cancer in women all over the world. Long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) provides a significant and new perspective on understanding biomarkers as well as on the potential prognostic regulation of breast cancer. Its transcription, in turn, serves as a regulator in diagnosing breast cancer and preventing risk of recurrence. Here, we review the evolution of lncRNAs and discuss their regulative roles in the metastasis of breast cancer. Moreover, we aim to detect the expression level of lncRNA HOTAIR in different stages of breast cancer.
Methods: Sixty patients with breast cancer at different stages were divided into four groups based on different stages. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) was used to detect the expression level of lncRNA HOTAIR in breast tumor tissue.
Results: Compared to stage I breast cancer, the expression profiles of lncRNA HOTAIR in stage II, III, IV breast cancer are significantly elevated (p < 0.05). The expression profiles of lncRNA HOTAIR in stage III and IV breast cancer are significantly increased compared with stage II breast cancer.
Conclusions: Consistent with microRNAs (miRNA), lncRNAs could function as underlying effective biomarkers to affect the biogenesis and gene control across all lifetime. The interaction between lncRNA and miRNA plays a crucial role in the metastasis of breast cancer and provides a potential biomarker target for breast cancer metastasis therapy. Our study has also demonstrated that the expression profiles of lncRNA HOTAIR in stage II, III, IV breast cancer are significantly elevated.