Background: The objective of this study is to investigate the correlation of mean platelet volume (MPV), MPV/ platelet count, and monocyte to lymphocyte ratio (MLR) between cervical cancer patients and healthy people and to evaluate the value of those parameters in early diagnosis of cervical cancer.
Methods: The study population included 137 cervical cancer patients undergoing hysterectomy and 113 healthy controls. The clinical features (age, pathology type, tumor staging, and tumor size) were collected from the hospital information system. The hematology parameters (white blood cell, red blood cell, hemoglobin, platelet count, neutrophil, lymphocyte, monocyte, mean platelet volume, platelet distribution width) are obtained in the laboratory information system.
Results: We found that the monocyte count and MLR value are higher in the cervical cancer group. The MPV and MPV/platelet are lower in the cervical cancer group. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis shows that MPV+MLR can generate a moderate specificity with 71.68%, sensitivity with 65.69%, and AUC with 0.718 to distinguish cervical cancer and healthy people.
Conclusions: MPV/platelet and MLR may be helpful for the early diagnosis of cervical cancer. A larger clinical data analysis is necessary to evaluate the diagnostic value of hematologic parameters in cervical cancer.