Background: Some studies have investigated the diagnostic value of intestinal fatty acid binding protein (I-FABP) for acute intestinal ischemia (II), but the results were not always consistent. Therefore, we performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to determine the diagnostic accuracy of I-FABP for II.
Methods: Publications included in the PubMed and EMBASE before April 7, 2019 were retrieved to identify studies investigating the diagnostic accuracy of I-FABP for II. The Revised Tool for the Quality Assessment of Diagnostic Accuracy Studies (QUADAS-2) was used to assess the quality of eligible studies. Diagnostic accuracy of I-FABP in all eligible studies was pooled by a bivariate model. Summary receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves (AUC) were constructed to calculate the overall diagnostic accuracy of I-FABP.
Results: A total of 10 studies with 1,265 (219 IIs and 1,046 controls) subjects were included in this systematic review and meta-analysis. The major design weaknesses of included studies were patient selection bias. The overall diagnostic sensitivity, specificity, and AUC of I-FABP were 0.75 (95% CI: 0.68 - 0.82), 0.85 (95% CI: 0.74 - 0.92), and 0.82 (95% CI: 0.79 - 0.86), respectively. In patients with acute abdominal pain, the sensitivity, specificity, and AUC of I-FABP were 0.71 (95% CI: 0.59 - 0.81), 0.89 (95% CI: 0.69 - 0.97) and 0.80 (95% CI: 0.76 - 0.83), respectively.
Conclusions: I-FABP has moderate diagnostic accuracy for II. Due the patient selection bias of available studies, further studies with rigorous design are needed to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of I-FABP for II.