Background: Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the cause of nearly all cervical cancers and the primary cause of anal cancers. Prevalence of HPV varies largely among countries and regions, and population-based data are largely insufficient. The aim of this study is to determine the prevalence and genotype distribution of HPV infection among the women received a general health check.
Methods: In the years 2015, 2016, and 2017, a total of 553,654 individuals received a general health check in the Sichuan Provincial People’s Hospital. Among them, 9,182 unselected and asymptomatic individuals received the HPV screening test. Samples of exfoliated endocervical cells were collected and DNA isolation was performed with a Cell Lysis Kit. Fragments of HPV DNA were amplified by PCR. Twenty-one different HPV genotypes, including HPV 6, 11, 16, 18, 31, 33, 35, 39, 42, 43, 44, 45, 51, 52, 53, 56, 58, 59, 66, 68, and CP8304, were detected from PCR products using a GenoArray Diagnostic Hybridization Kit. HPV genotype was read on the colored position on the array.
Results: A total of 1,207 individuals were positive for at least one HPV genotype, giving a crude prevalence of 13.2% (95% CI: 12.5 - 13.9%). The prevalence did not differ much among age groups. HPV-positive individuals were 291, 389, and 527 in 2015, 2016, and 2017, respectively. The majority of the HPV-positive participants (960/1,207 = 80%) had one type of virus. Approximately 15% had two genotypes of HPV. One individual had HPV of 6 different genotypes, including 16, 18, 52, 53, 56, and CP8304. The most frequent genotype was 52, followed by CP8304, 58, and 53. The oncogenic types 16 and 18 were found in 112 and 52 participants, corresponding to a prevalence of 0.9% (CI: 0.8 - 1.1%) and 0.4% (CI: 0.3 - 0.6%), respectively, for the 9,182 individuals included in this study.
Conclusions: The prevalence of 13.2% for HPV among unselected and asymptomatic individuals who received a general health check is high in the Sichuan area. Identification of high-risk HPV types is essential for preventing or early detection of cervical cancers and consequently save life.