Background: Clostridium difficile is an important cause of nosocomial diarrhea and the best standard laboratory method for the diagnosis of C. difficile infection is controversial. In this study, we aimed to investigate the performance of Toxin A + B (Clostridium difficile) DUO kit which detects C. difficile toxin A and B by the immunochromatographic method and C. Diff Quik Chek Complete (QCC) rapid membrane immunoassay kit which determines the presence of glutamate dehydrogenase (GDH) and C. difficile toxin A and B in stool samples, compared with toxigenic culture in the diagnosis of C. difficile infection.
Methods: One hundred ninety-three stool samples from patients suspected of having C. difficile infection were included in the study. The performances of two commercial tests were compared with toxigenic culture which was accepted as the reference method.
Results: The sensitivity and specificity of the GDH component of QCC were 94.4% and 97.7%, the sensitivity and specificity of the toxin component were 92.3% and 100%, respectively. The sensitivity and specificity of Toxin A + B (Clostridium difficile) DUO test were found as 53.8% and 87.8%, respectively.
Conclusions: C. Diff Quik Chek Complete test, which is a rapid test with high sensitivity and specificity, can be used alone for the diagnosis of C. difficile infection while Toxin A + B (Clostridium difficile) DUO test cannot be used for the same purpose due to the low sensitivity and specificity of the test.