Background: Chronic myeloid leukemia (CML) is a disease resulting from BCR-ABL gene fusion. It is possible to monitor treatment by molecular testing for BCR-ABL. The lymphocyte-to-monocyte ratio (LMR) is a commonly used marker associated with prognosis in various neoplasms. This study was performed to evaluate the relevance of absolute lymphocyte count (ALC), absolute monocyte count (AMC), and LMR in predicting molecular response status in patients with chronic phase CML.
Methods: Samples submitted to our hematology laboratory for BCR-ABL testing between April 2012 and October 2018 were retrospectively reviewed. Concurrent hemogram testing together with the results of quantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction were noted. Data were grouped according to molecular response status and the ALC, AMC, and LMR were compared among patient groups.
Results: A total of 224 samples from 95 patients were included in the study. Analysis revealed differences between groups when newly diagnosed patients were compared with patients undergoing treatment, regardless of response status. However, analyzing the groups according to molecular response status failed to reveal differences in ALC, AMC, or LMR.
Conclusions: ALC, AMC, and LMR are not potential biomarkers for predicting molecular response status in patients with chronic phase CML.