Background: Light transmission aggregometry (LTA) is the gold standard for platelet function assessment. The automated coagulation analyzer from Sysmex that performs LTA offers the advantage of being a walk-away technology. Recently, a new parameter “ADP-induced platelet aggregation level (APAL)” was developed to support the interpretation of results. APAL is calculated as a score from 0.0 to 10.0 based on platelet aggregation patterns with 1 and 10 µM adenosine diphosphate (ADP). Here, the basic performance of the newly developed APAL system and comparison with the maximum aggregation rate of ADP (ADP-MA) was evaluated.
Methods: The within-run precision was calculated by conducting five replicate analyses of the platelet-rich plasma (PRP) from healthy volunteers and 0.05 µM of cangrelor-spiked PRP. Cangrelor is a P2Y12 inhibitor that does not require liver CYP activation. The reference interval was calculated from the results of 67 healthy volunteers. The effect of the antiplatelet P2Y12 agent was evaluated using several concentrations of cangrelor. A comparative study was performed using 103 PRP samples with different levels of aggregation. Each test was analyzed with both APAL and ADP-MA.
Results: The percentage coefficient of variation in within-run precision was within 7% for APAL and 10 µM ADP-MA. Reference interval of APAL and 10 µM ADP-MA was 7.1 - 10.0 and 80.0 - 99.2%, respectively. APAL signifi-cantly decreased with the addition of 0.02 µM cangrelor, while 10 µM ADP-MA was barely affected. A significant correlation was observed between APAL and 10 µM ADP-MA (r = 0.94; p < 0.0001).
Conclusions: The newly developed APAL system exhibited an acceptable performance. APAL score showed a good correlation with ADP-MA and was adequate to detect the weak effect of P2Y12 inhibitors. APAL is a new platelet aggregation scoring system with the potential to monitor the effects of P2Y12 inhibitor over a wide range.