Background: This study investigated the association between urinary levels of interleukin (IL)-6, IL-10, and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) with estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), urinary albumin/creatinine ratio (uACR), and urinary neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (uNGAL) in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D).
Methods: Urinary concentrations of IL-6, IL-10, TNF-α, ACR, and NGAL were measured in 121 patients with T2D.
Results: Urinary IL-6 and TNF-α increased 45.5% and 49.4% in the highest uACR quartile compared to lowest quartile. Urinary IL-10 levels decreased 40.9% in the highest uACR quartile compared to the lowest quartile. Urinary IL-6 and TNF-α were 75.3% and 81.6%, higher in the highest uNGAL quartile compared to the lowest quartile. Urinary IL-10 concentration was 69.8% lower in patients from the highest uNGAL quartile compared to lowest quartile.
Conclusions: Urinary IL-6, IL-10, and TNF-α were associated with indicators of glomerular and tubular injuries in patients with T2D.