Background: Pre-clinical toxicology studies of human Gc-protein (vitamin D binding protein) are of special interest as to the transport of vitamin D and its biological activities. We have demonstrated that the oral application of a special dimeric vitamin D complex reduces oxidative stress and increases the quality of life in autistic children. Therefore, safety and toxic effects of two dimeric cholecalciferol-N-acetyl-galactosamine-albumin complexes were evaluated in increasing intravenous (iv.) vitamin D levels administered in a pre-clinical trial in mice over a 5-week period.
Methods: Over a period of 5 weeks, two times a week, mice received iv. administration of one of the following: (a) 1.2 IE of vitamin D-N-acetyl-galactosamine-albumin (Vitamin D3 NAGA, ImmunoD® group), (b) 1.2 IE of vitamin-D-poly-N-acetyl-galactosamine-albumin (Poly-Nac group), or (c) isotonic saline solution (sham group). Before and after the trial, red and white blood cell panels (RBS, WBC and platelets) were determined. Furthermore, vitamin D levels, electrolytes, and C-reactive protein levels were measured directly before sacrificing.
Results: No toxic effects were observed during iv. injection with dimeric vitamin D complexes, neither in the sham group, nor in the two treatment groups. Vitamin D levels increased significantly within 5 weeks in the Poly-Nac group (26.6 ± 8.8 ng/mL; p = 0.001) compared to the sham group (3.1 ± 0.9 ng/mL), and the Poly-Nac group to the ImmunoD group (7.0 ± 3.6 ng/mL; p = 0.003). A significant increase of vitamin D was also obtained in favor of the ImmunoD group compared to the sham (p = 0.03). Electrolytes (K, Na, Cl, Mg, Ca) and C-reactive protein showed no significant differences after administration in all three mice groups. Also, no significant differences were observed between these three groups in the WBC and RBC blood panels.
Conclusions: The two dimeric vitamin D complexes used in this pre-clinical study showed no side or toxic effects after iv. administration in mice, but a sole increase in vitamin D levels without any change in electrolytes or blood cells. Therefore, we assume this newly developed composition to be safe in oral or iv.-administration and further pre-clinical studies can be conducted to evaluate the value in treatment of various diseases related to vitamin D deficiencies.