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Clinical Value of Human Papillomavirus E6/E7 mRNA Detection in Screening for Cervical Cancer in Women Positive for Human Papillomavirus DNA or by Lili Han, Sulaiya Husaiyin, Fanghui Zhao, Remila Rezhake, Mayinuer Niyazi

Background: The detection of human papillomavirus (HPV) E6/E7 mRNA indicates a risk of further deterioration in cervical lesions. We explored the clinical value of HPV E6/E7 mRNA detection in cervical cancer screening in women positive for HPV or with abnormal thin-prep cytology test (TCT) results in the Xinjiang region of China.
Methods: A total of 6,800 women were screened in our hospital for cervical cancer by both TCT and HPV DNA testing from August 2013 to June 2015. Of these, 197 had abnormal cytological or HPV test results and subsequently underwent HPV E6/E7 mRNA detection and histopathological examination, while 101 underwent an HPV DNA typing test. Using pathological results as the gold standard, we compared the accuracies of HPV E6/E7 mRNA detection or HPV DNA type testing alone, in parallel, and in series for diagnosing high-grade cervical lesions.
Results: Pathological examination revealed 80 cases of chronic cervicitis, 16 cases of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN)-I, 50 cases of CIN-II-III, and 51 cases of cervical cancer. The area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve (AUC) for diagnosing high-grade cervical lesions by HPV E6/E7 mRNA detection was 74.95% (sensitivity, 85.15%; specificity, 66.67%; Youden index, 0.139; positive predictive value, 72.9%; negative predictive value, 81.0%; positive likelihood ratio, 2.555; negative likelihood ratio, 0.222; and post-test probability, 72.9%).
Conclusions: HPV E6/E7 mRNA detection is superior to HPV DNA type testing for diagnosing high-grade cervical lesions.

DOI: 10.7754/Clin.Lab.2018.180138