Background: To evaluate the performance of a chemiluminescence detection reagent for Neuron-specific enolase (NSE).
Methods: Based on the “Guiding principles on performance analysis of diagnostic, reagents in vitro” and the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI) Guidelines, performance of the CLIA NSE kit was evaluated, including the detection limit, linear range, reportable range, accuracy, precision, cross reactivity, interference factors, Hook effect, and method comparison.
Results: The detection limit of the reagent was 0.05 ng/mL. The linear range of the reagent was 0.05 ng/mL - 400 ng/mL. The reagent can be reported as 0.05 ng/mL - 2,500 ng/mL. The recovery rate ranged from 94.95% to 105.12%. The CV of the reagent of the intra-assay was 3.8% - 5.7% and inter-batch was 3.6%, which meets the requirements. The common interference factors such as the blood fat, jaundice, and rheumatoid factor did not affect the quantitative accuracy of the reagent, but hemolysis resulted in higher readings. Cross-reactions were not observed when incubating with major interfering tumor markers; therefore, the kit was highly specific for NSE. The HOOK effect was not observed when the NSE content reached 20,000 ng/mL in samples. The coincidence rate of the reagent and Roche’s products reached 94.81% and the correlation r reached 0.968.
Conclusions: The performance of the NSE CLIA reagent was acceptable in all evaluated parameters, meeting requirements for clinical application.