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Decreased Expression of Aquaporin-1 in Lung Tissue of Silicotic Rats by Hongli Wang, Xiaohui Hao, Li Zhang, Shupeng Liu, Qian Wang, Nan Liu, Jinyuan Zhao, Jiang Q, Heliang Liu

Background: Aquaporin-1 (AQP-1), found in the early 1990s, a water channel protein in the cell membranes of mammals, has been reported to play an important role in water balance of the respiratory system. However, there are a few studies about the role of AQP in occupational pulmonary disease such as silicosis. This study is to explore the information of aquaporin-1 (AQP-1) in the pathogenesis of silicosis by examining AQP expression, distribution, and location in the lung tissue of a silicotic rat model.
Methods: Male Wistar SPF rats were divided randomly into the following 8 groups (n = 8 per group): (l) saline control group: instillation of 1 mL sterile physiological saline; (2) silica groups (ld, 7d, 14d, 28d, 42d, 56d): instillation of a suspension of 50 mg silica dust in a total volume of 1 mL sterile physiological saline; (3) the normal control group without treatment. Immunohistochemistry, immunofluorescence, and western blot were used to detect distribution and expression of AQP-1 in the lung tissue of rats exposed to silica.
Results: The expression of AQP-1 between normal and the saline control rats showed no significant difference, but was decreased in the silicotic model rats’ lung.
Conclusions: The expression of AQP-1 decreased in silicotic rats, which suggests that AQP-1 may play an important role in the formation of silicosis.

DOI: 10.7754/Clin.Lab.2015.150223