You have to be registered and logged in for purchasing articles.


Diagnostic Accuracies of the TUNEL, SCD, and Comet Based Sperm DNA Fragmentation Assays for Male Infertility: a Meta-analysis Study by Zhao-Lei Cui, De-Zhu Zheng, Yao-Hua Liu, Liang-Yuan Chen, Dong-Hong Lin, Feng-Hua Lan

Background: Recent studies have provided new insights into the diagnostic value of sperm DNA fragmentation (SDF) for male factor sterility. This study aimed to systematically evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of the SDF test for male infertility.
Methods: Eligible studies were retrieved by searching electronic databases. The quality of the studies was assessed on the basis of quality assessment for studies of diagnostic accuracy (QUADAS) criteria tool. The bivariate metaanalysis model was employed to summarize the diagnostic indices and plot the summary receiver operator characteristic (SROC) curve by using Meta-disc 1.4 software. Influence analysis, meta-regression, and publication bias assay were all conducted through Stata 12.0 software.
Results: Our bivariate random effect meta-analysis yielded an AUC (area under curve) value of 0.9211 with a sensitivity (95% confidence interval) of 0.80 (0.78 - 0.82) and specificity of 0.83 (0.80 - 0.86) for the use of the SDF test in differentiating infertile males from normal fertile controls. Moreover, our subgroup analysis suggested that SDF analysis with a single TUNEL test resulted in an AUC value of 0.9506, with a pooled sensitivity of 0.77 (0.74 - 0.80) and specificity of 0.91 (0.87 - 0.94), while SCD and Comet assays displayed a combined sensitivity of 0.77 (0.67 - 0.81) or 0.91 (0.88 - 0.94), and specificity of 0.84 (0.75 - 0.91) or 0.63 (0.54 - 0.70), accompanied by an AUC value of 0.8408 or 0.9473.
Conclusions: The SDF assay confers a relatively high diagnostic accuracy for infertility detection, among which the TUNEL based methodology seems to achieve higher accuracy than the SCD and Comet assays.

DOI: 10.7754/Clin.Lab.2014.141005