You have to be registered and logged in for purchasing articles.


Bcl-2/IgH Expression of Diffuse Large B-cell Lymphoma Cells in Minimal Bone Marrow Infiltration by Yi-Qun Che, Peng Liu, Yang Luo, Di Shen, Jia-Jie Hao, Lin Yang, Chang-Gong Zhang, Jun Qi, Ming-Rong Wang

Background: We sought to investigate the role of the Bcl-2 translocation at the chromosomal and protein levels in minimal bone marrow (BM) infiltration by diffuse large B-cell lymphomas (DLBCL).
Methods: The presence of the Bcl-2/IgH fusion gene was detected in BM samples and paraffin-embedded lymph node (LN) samples from 103 patients with DLBCLs using FISH. Bcl-2 protein levels in BM and paraffin-embedded tissues were quantified using immunocytochemistry (ICC) and immunohistochemistry (IHC), respectively.
Results: Bcl-2/IgH translocation in paraffin-embedded LN tissue sections was observed in 43 (41.7%) patients by FISH. Of the 43 patients, the Bcl-2/IgH rearrangement in the bone marrow specimens occurred in 34 patients. The Bcl-2/IgH recombination rate in stage III cancers was not significantly different compared to the rate observed in stage I/II cancers (p = 0.101), respectively showing no statistical differences between stage IV and I/II (p = 0.179). In 64.7% (22/34) of the cases with t(14;18), Bcl-2 was detected based on ICC analysis. Positive Bcl-2 ICC staining and the t(14;18) translocation were positively correlated (p < 0.001). We then applied our FISH method to slides with at least one abnormal cell and were subjected to FISH analysis after staining. During the follow-up, no infiltration by cytomorphology for 16 DLBCL patients whose bone marrow presented Bcl-2/IgH gene rearrangement at diagnosis, and two cases were positive by morphology compared to FISH-positive results 6 months later; 9 out of 16 patients (56.3%) presented with positive Bcl-2/IgH results earlier than the morphology evaluation after 12 months.
Conclusions: Utilizing both FISH and cytologic morphology, the assessment of Bcl-2/IgH translocation status could contribute to the better detection of minimal bone marrow infiltration and relapse receiving treatment by DLBCL cells.

DOI: 10.7754/Clin.Lab.2013.130517