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ORIGINAL ARTICLEDevelopment of a Combined Human Transferrin-Hemoglobin Lateral Immunochromatographic Assay for Accurate and Rapid Fecal Occult Blood Test by Yuanyuan Ye, Yin Deng, Jinju Mao, Qin Yan, Yidan Huang, Jun Zhang, Jian Zheng, Yue Li, Weixian Chen

Background: Fecal occult bloodtest (FOBT) plays an important role in the diagnosis of gastrointestinal diseases. The sensitivities of current FOBT methods are still not satisfactory. The aim of this study is to develop a combined human transferrin (HTf)-hemoglobin (HHb) lateral flow assay (LFA) for accurate and rapid FOBT.
Methods: Monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) targeting HTf were developed by conventional methods and paired using LFA strips. The best HTf MAb pair was chosen according to the overall performance on testing limit and specificity. Meanwhile, HHb LFA strips were prepared using previously developed HHb MAbs. The testing limit and specificity were characterized. Based on the selected HTf MAb pair and the verified HHb MAb pair, combined HTf-HHb strips were developed. The combined HTf-HHb strips were used for FOBT of 400 human fecal samples, including 200 gastrointestinal bleeding specimens and 200 healthy subjects. For comparison, the homemade individual HTf and HHb strips, as well as three kinds of commercial FOBT strips, were also used for the FOBT.
Results: Two MAb pairs targeting HTf were developed for LFA. Two types of HTf strips were prepared accordingly. The type I was chosen due to its lower detection limit. Using the type I HTf MAb pair and the verified HHb- MAb pair, the combined HTf-HHb strips could detect the HTf at concentrations between 1 ng/mL and 1 x 106 ng/mL and the HHb between 10 ng/mL and 2.5 x 106 ng/mL. Compared to individual HTf and HHb strips and three kinds of commercial strips, the combined strips showed the highest diagnostic sensitivity in FOBT (96.0%). The specificity was a satisfactory 99%.
Conclusions: Our combined HTf-HHb test strips are a very promising product for accurate and rapid FOBT.

DOI: 10.7754/Clin.Lab.2017.171210