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ORIGINAL ARTICLEEffects of Analyzer Detection Method, Ethnicity, and Reference Individuals on Reference Interval of Immature Platelet Fraction by Ming-Feng Wu, Hsien-Hsu Hsieh, Wei-Chang Huang, Kun-Mu Lu, Jun-Hong Lin, Yi-Ching Lin, Jiunn-Min Wang, Tseng-Hsi Lin

Background: Immature platelet fraction (IPF) is a new biomarker for thrombopoiesis and inflammation. However, the reference interval (RI) is wildly discrepant among published reports. This study aimed to establish the RI of IPF for a population in Taiwan and evaluate the effects the detection method of the analyzer, ethnicity, and reference individuals have on the RI of IPF.
Methods: The RI of absolute IPF (A-IPF) and IPF% were established with healthy subjects from the outpatient services of the Health Management Department of Taichung Veterans General Hospital between January 1, 2015 and March 1, 2016. These values were used along with published reports for meta-analysis.
Results: A-IPF (109/L) and IPF% of Taiwanese were 6.9 - 7.6 and 3.1 - 3.4, respectively. Significant differences were found when performing paired comparisons of the RI of A-IPF and IPF% published in reports. For A-IPF, there was only one paired comparison with a significant difference (Z > 1.96) across 6 reports. Thus, the contribution of the factors examined on the RI of IPF cannot be determined. For IPF%, there were 8 paired comparisons with significant differences across 10 reports. The discrepancy rates of RI for IPF% were 41.2%, 50.0%, and 25.0% with the difference of reference individuals, the analyzer method, and ethnicity, respectively.
Conclusions: The RIs of Taiwanese for A-IPF and IPF% were established. Furthermore, the analyzer detection method and the reference individuals contribute to the discrepancy of the RI for IPF% and should be considered cautiously when the value of IPF is interpreted.

DOI: 10.7754/Clin.Lab.2018.171025