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ORIGINAL ARTICLEAnalytical and Clinical Validation of a Point-of-Care Cardiac Troponin T Test with an Improved Detection Limit by Carsten Jungbauer, Julian Hupf, Evangelos Giannitsis, Johann Frick, Anna Slagman, Christoph Ehret, Nicolas Herbert, Christine Jung, Rainer Zerback, Thomas Bertsch, Michael Christ

Background: The point-of-care test Roche CARDIAC POC Troponin T (PoC TnT) is an improved assay which has been developed for the Roche cobas h 232 system.
Methods: We performed a multicentre evaluation (four sites) to assess the analytical performance of the PoC TnT assay and to compare it with the central laboratory Elecsys® troponin T high sensitive (lab cTnT-hs) assay.
Results: The relative mean differences found in method comparisons of PoC TnT vs. lab cTnT-hs ranged from -4.1% to +6.8%. Additionally, there was good concordance between PoC TnT and lab cTnT-hs for the number of samples with troponin T values below the measuring range of 40 ng/L. Lot-to-lot differences of PoC TnT ranged from -8.6% to +4.6%. Within-series coefficients of variation (CV) resulting from 81 ten-fold measurements with patient samples were 9.3%, 11.8%, and 12.9% in the low (40 to < 200 ng/L), medium (200 to < 600 ng/L), and high (600 to 2000 ng/L) measuring range, respectively. Using the system quality control, the mean CV for between-day imprecision was 11.3%. No interference was observed by triglycerides (up to 11.4 mmol/L), bilirubin (up to 376 µmol/L), hemoglobin (up to 0.12 mmol/L), biotin (up to 30 µg/L), rheumatoid factor (up to 200 IU/mL), or with 52 standard or cardiovascular drugs at therapeutic concentrations. There was no influence on the results by varying hematocrit values in a range from 25% to 53%. However, interferences with human anti-mouse antibodies were found. No significant influence on the results was found with PoC TnT by using sample volumes between 135 to 165 µL. High troponin T concentrations up to 500 µg/L did not lead to false low results, indicating no high-concentration hook effect. No cross-reactivity was found between the PoC TnT assay and human skeletal troponin T up to 1000 µg/L (< 0.05%). Diagnostic sensitivity and specificity data of a subpopulation (23 patients) of this study are in agreement with results of another large pre-hospital study.
Conclusions: The PoC TnT assay showed good analytical performance with excellent concordance with the calibration and reference laboratory method. It should therefore be suitable for its intended use in point-of-care settings.

DOI: 10.7754/Clin.Lab.2016.160814